Substance Abuse Treatment
It is well established that there is a strong relationship between substance abuse and crime and that nationally, it is estimated that that approximately 80% of incarcerated inmates are incarcerated for a substance abuse related crime. Punishment alone has not been shown to be effective in breaking the cycle of substance abusing related crime, but by combining appropriate sanctions with treatment, recidivism and relapse can be reduced. Intervention efforts that provide relapse prevention, provisions for continuing care, and recovery maintenance strategies have been found to be particularly helpful in this regard.
The WDOC has adopted an intervention strategy that relies on a combination of professional substance abuse treatment services and self-help support (e.g., AA/NA). The following treatment services are provided in WDOC institutions:
TACT (Treatment for Addiction and Criminal Thinking)
The TACT Program is unit based (outpatient) substance abuse treatment provided for inmates of the Wyoming Department of Corrections. The TACT Program was established to provide an opportunity for behavioral change to those offenders whose lives and criminal activity are characterized by the use of substances. The TACT Program provides offenders the opportunity to choose rehabilitation and decrease the risk of returning to prison. Participants of the TACT Program are helped to change their lifestyles by a team of concerned professionals who work together in confronting and solving problems.
Intensive Treatment Unit - Wyoming State Penitentiary
The Wyoming Department of Corrections Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) at the Wyoming State Penitentiary was established in March 1995 to provide an opportunity for behavioral change to inmates whose lives and criminal activity are characterized by the use of substances. The ITU program function is specifically designed for male inmates and operates as a modified therapeutic community separated from the rest of the inmate population.
Intensive Treatment Unit - Wyoming Women's Center
The residential substance abuse treatment program at the Wyoming Women's Center, known as the Women’s Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU), began in July 2000. The current program can accommodate up to 32 women and is designed to provide gender specific substance abuse treatment services in a modified therapeutic community setting. The program is housed in a unit separate from the general population.
The established mission of the women’s ITU is “To create an environment that provides a 24-hour learning experience in which a resident’s transformation in conduct, attitude, values, and emotions are introduced, monitored, and mutually reinforced as part of the daily regime”. It is the aim of the program to provide female inmates with an opportunity to learn skills that will lead to recovery from substance abuse in addition to the tools necessary to live a crime free life. The gender specific treatment focuses on the whole person, fostering personal responsibility, accountability, and emphasizing pro-social values and attitudes.
Casper Re-Entry Center-Therapeutic Community Treatment Program (CRC-TC)
The CRC-TC began operation in February of 2005, and is designed and operated as a long-term residential substance abuse treatment program for males based on therapeutic community principles and methods. The mission of the CRC-TC is to provide a healthy, drug-free environment in which staff provides treatment services for residents that focus on changing addictive and criminal behaviors. The program provides the knowledge and skills necessary for a productive lifestyle prior to reintegration to society.